China’s population growth has slowed since 2012 and, despite the country’s economic boom, is facing growing economic challenges.
But the problem is not just economic.
Chinese are increasingly leaving their jobs and leaving their cities too.
According to the China Employment Development Institute (CEDI), nearly 50 per cent of the total population in China is now employed.
Of those, only a third are permanent, according to the organisation.
It said: ‘In the next five years, the labour force will grow by nearly 2.5 million people.’
So China’s economy is going through a transition period and people are migrating to other countries.’
People are migrating away to countries with lower wages, less generous benefits and lower standards of living.’
But why are people leaving?
According to research by the International Federation of Small Businesses (IFSB), China is the fastest growing economy in the world.
And the country has the world’s second largest labour force, with more than 8.6 million workers.
But China’s rapid growth has left its people struggling.
According to the CEDI, only about half of Chinese people have jobs.
And in many cities, only two or three out of five workers are employed full-time.
In Beijing, about 40 per cent are employed in part-time jobs, which is lower than the global average of 53 per cent.
In other cities, more than half of workers are unemployed.
The number of part-timers has increased by almost a quarter over the past five years.
The IFSB said: It’s hard to say why Chinese people are leaving, but it could be a combination of poor management and a lack of job opportunities in the country.’
It is clear that there are people moving abroad to work, but there is a lack to find good opportunities and the Chinese government is taking little action to help them.’
Some people have decided that the best option is to leave China to work abroad, but they have little or no experience or skills in the field.’
The organisation said the government’s focus on encouraging young Chinese to come to work overseas is a key reason why Chinese are leaving.’
This will only increase the risk of social and economic disaster as people find themselves without a job and without the means to support themselves and their families,’ it said.